How to Reach Sundarbans National Park.
Tourists planning to visit Sundarbans National Park may avail conducted tours organized by local tour leaders. The park has many entry points and easily accessible from different parts of West Bengal. Tourists need to reach Kolkata city which has very good network of all modes of transportation with major cities of India and abroad.
By Air An airway is always the most convenient and efficient means to reach Sundarbans National Park. The nearest airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose airport at Kolkata. It is located at an approximate distance of 112 Kms from Sundarbans. Tourists need to go Canning, Basanti, Gosaba or any of the launch terminals to hire motor boat to reach Sundarbans area.
By Rail The nearest railhead to Sundarbans National Park is Canning and Seadalh (South). Local trains ply regularly and it takes only one and half hours to reach. Tourists will have to take train from Kolkata to reach Canning station. From there shared vans are available that takes you to the mainland of Sundarbans area.
By Road A well-laid road network connects Sundarbans National Park to Kolkata. The total surface distance is approx 110 kms. Tourists can hire public transport from Sonakhali (100 Kms), Namkhana (105 Kms), Canning (64 Kms), Raidighi (76 Kms) and Najat (92 Kms) easily.
The Sundarbans is a natural region comprising a small part in Eastern India. It is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sundarbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sundarbans National Park is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sundarbans delta in the Indian state of West Bengal.The name Sundarban can be literally translated as "beautiful forest" in the Bengali language (Shundor, "beautiful" and bon, "forest". The name may have been derived from the Sundari trees (the mangrove species Heritiera fomes) that are found in Sundarbans in large numbers.The Sundarban forest lies in the vast delta on the Bay of Bengal formed by the super confluence of the Ganges. The seasonally flooded Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests lie inland from the mangrove forests on the coastal fringe. It became inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1997. The Indian part of Sundarbans is estimated to be about 4,110 square kilometres (1,590 sq mile), of which about 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mile) is occupied by waterbodies in the forms of river, canals and creeks of width varying from a few metres to several kilometres.
The Sundarbans is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests. The interconnected network of waterways makes almost every corner of the forest accessible by boat. The area is known for the eponymous Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), as well as numerous fauna including species of birds, spotted deer, crocodiles and snakes. The fertile soils of the delta have been subject to intensive human use for centuries, and the ecoregion has been mostly converted to intensive agriculture, with few enclaves of forest remaining. The remaining forests, taken together with the Sundarbans mangroves, are important habitat for the endangered tiger.
Wildlife and Vegetation
The Sundarbans flora is characterised by the abundance of sundari (Heritiera fomes), gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) and keora (Sonneratia apetala) all of which occur prominently throughout the area. The characteristic tree of the forest is the sundari (Heritiera littoralis), from which the name of the forest had probably been derived.
The Sundarbans provides a unique ecosystem and a rich wildlife habitat. According to the 2015 tiger census, the Sundarbans have about 170 tigers (106 in Bangladesh and 64 in India). Although previous rough estimates had suggested much higher figures close to 300, the 2011 census provided the first ever scientific estimate of tigers from the area Tiger attacks are frequent in the Sundarbans. Between 0 and 50 people are killed each year.
There is much more wildlife here than just the endangered Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris). Fishing cats, macaques, wild boars, common grey mongooses, foxes, jungle cats, flying foxes, pangolins, and spotted deer are also found in abundance in the Sundarbans. A 1991 study has revealed that the Bangladeshi part of the Sundarbans supports diverse biological resources including at least 150 species of commercially important fish, 270 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, 35 reptiles and 8 amphibian species. The Sundarbans is an important wintering area for migrant water birds and is an area suitable for watching and studying birds.
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Best time to visit Sundarbans National Park
Due to its proximity to the Bay of Bengal, Sunderban experiences very high humidity. Rainfall is quite heavy during monsoon, which last from mid-June to mid-September. After the monsoons, fair weather prevails until mid-March.
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